Terms and Conditions

 


Standard Transportation Terms And Conditions

1. DEFINITIONS.

a. "Carrier" refers to the Lynden entity engaged by Shipper to provide transportation services with respect to the goods. For a list and description of the various Lynden entities, please visit our website at: WWW.LYNDEN.COM.

b. "Consignee" refers to the entity identified by Shipper and agreed by Carrier as the entity to receive the goods.

c. "Goods" refers to those items of goods, cargoes, commodities and other personal property with respect to which Carrier has been requested to or does perform transportation services, including all items and materials associated with the goods, such as any boxes, crates, cradles, pallets, tanks, platforms, flatracks and/or containers.

d. "Entity" refers to all forms of business entities as well as to natural persons.

e. "Load" refers to all goods of Shipper in/on a single container, flatrack, platform, trailer, etc.

f. "Shipper" refers to the entity engaging Carrier with respect to the goods as well as the owner(s), consignor, consignee and all others who may have right of claim by, through or with respect to the goods.

g. "Shipment" refers to all goods identified on a singularly numbered bill of lading or air waybill, as applicable (but which bill of lading or air waybill may contain multiple parts).

h. "Package," for purposes of COGSA and as otherwise applicable herein, shall mean: i) the entire contents (including all individual packages, boxes and crates and all Goods contained in each such package, box or crate) of a shipping device in the case of goods transported by Carrier in or on a shipping device defined as including, but not limited to, containers, vans, trailers (of all kinds), tanks, platforms or flatracks; or ii) the entire content of a unitized lift in the case of goods bundled, strapped or otherwise secured together and forming a unit transported by Carrier and not otherwise loaded in or on a shipping device; or iii) any individual unit of cargo including machinery, equipment and other items transported as a single unit without further consolidation; or iv) in the case of bulk goods or goods not otherwise defined herein, the totality of goods identified on a singularly numbered bill of lading issued by Carrier. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that Carrier consolidates goods from different customers into/onto a shipping device or as a portion of a unitized lift, for Carrier's benefit and not at the direction of Shipper, the "package" definition in subsections (i) and (ii) above shall be modified such that content is defined as that portion of the content being transported for Shipper.

2. FREIGHT AND OTHER CHARGES.

a. Freight, Storage and Other Charges. Freight, storage and other charges of Carrier shall be as identified by Carrier in its applicable rate quotation, transportation agreement, bill of lading, air waybill and/or tariff, and invoicing, as applicable. Freight, storage and other charges based upon inaccurate or incomplete instructions or particulars may be recalculated by Carrier at any time without advance notice.

b. Other Charges and Expenses. Shipper shall be responsible for all charges and expenses relating to the goods and/or their transportation, including, without limitation, all dues, taxes, duties, fines and penalties, advances made by Carrier, additional costs and expenses incurred by virtue of Shipper's actions, omissions or failure to comply with its obligations hereunder, as well as those incurred as a result of unforeseen or extraordinary circumstances.

c. Payment. Freight, storage and other charges shall be deemed fully earned upon tender of the goods by Shipper for transportation and payable in advance and prior to delivery unless otherwise agreed in writing by Carrier. Amounts due Carrier shall be paid in U.S. dollars without deduction or offset. Interest on amounts due but not paid shall accrue at the rate of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month. Shipper, including all entities falling within the definition of that term above, shall be jointly and severally liable for payment of all amounts due Carrier.

d. Lien. Shipper must identify to Carrier in writing prior to shipment any goods which require specialized handling or are dangerous or hazardous, and Carrier must specifically agree in writing to transport the same. In such an event, Shipper shall provide complete and accurate handling instructions and information, including relevant safety procedures, and shall be responsible for the completion of all documentation required and otherwise for compliance with applicable regulations and laws relating to the goods and/or their transportation. Should, in Carrier's opinion, any goods create a risk of harm to persons or property and/or make the transportation impractical, Carrier may discharge, store and/or dispose of any or all such goods at Shipper's sole risk and expense.

3. INFORMATION FROM SHIPPER. Shipper warrants the accuracy and completeness of all information, instructions and particulars relating to the goods, including their nature, description, special characteristics, marks, number, weight, volume and quantity, etc., upon all of which Carrier shall rely. Shipper shall reimburse Carrier for any loss or expense (including additional charges) resulting from any such inaccurate or incomplete information, instructions or particulars.

4. HAZARDOUS GOODS. Shipper must identify to Carrier in writing prior to shipment any goods which require specialized handling or are dangerous or hazardous, and Carrier must specifically agree in writing to transport the same. In such an event, Shipper shall provide complete and accurate handling instructions, including relevant safety procedures, and shall be solely responsible for the completion of all documentation required and otherwise for compliance with applicable regulations and laws relating to the goods and/or the transportation thereof. Should, in Carrier's opinion, any goods create a risk of harm to persons or property and/or make the transportation thereof impractical, Carrier may discharge, store and/or dispose of any or all of such goods at Shipper's sole risk and expense.

5. REFRIGERATED, PERISHABLE AND VALUABLE GOODS. Shipper must identify to Carrier in writing prior to shipment any perishable, temperature controlled, keep from freezing, chilled or frozen goods, and Carrier must specifically agree to transport the same. In such an event, Shipper shall identify in writing to Carrier the nature of the goods and the specialty conditions, temperature, humidity, etc. under which they are to be transported and shall also be responsible for tendering the goods to Carrier with a uniform core temperature below that at which the goods are to be transported. Carrier shall not be responsible for freezing down or reducing the core temperature of goods but, rather, only for maintaining an ambient temperature in the relevant conveyance such that the core temperature of such goods remains within ten (10) degrees Fahrenheit of the temperature at which such goods were tendered to Carrier. Carrier shall not be responsible for stains, discolorations, holes, chafing, breakage or splitting of lumber, timber, plywood, wood products, etc., whether or not protected and/or covered. Shipper shall not tender for transportation any art objects, bank bills, coins, currency, drafts, notes, valuable papers, precious metals, precious stones, antiques or any other rare, old, precious or semi-precious articles of extraordinary value. Shipper shall not tender for transportation any live animals without prior notice and Carrier's express consent.

6. TENDER OF GOODS. Shipper shall be responsible for tendering the goods to Carrier at the time and place identified, with all such goods to be in good order, count and condition, and packaged, protected, packed, stowed and/or shored sufficiently to withstand the rigors of storage and transportation, including without limitation transportation by uncovered barge and exposure to weather, moisture, humidity, heat, rolling, pitching and similar barge movements, if applicable.

7. ROUTES, METHODS, ETC. Carrier shall perform with due diligence but does not warrant or guarantee any particular speeds or departure/arrival dates/times. Carrier shall have liberty with respect to the selection of conveyances, routes, procedures, modes and methods of transportation. Carrier shall not be responsible for any delay, inability to perform or failure to perform caused by events beyond its direct and reasonable ability to control, including without limitation, ice or other conditions preventing or delaying a vessel in reaching a loading or discharge berth, the loading or unloading of cargo, or the departure of a vessel. In the event of such a hindrance or delay, Carrier shall, if feasible, notify Shipper and request alternate instructions, or if insufficient time exists or instructions are not provided Carrier may, at Shipper's risk and expense, deviate, discharge, store and/or dispose of the goods as it deems reasonable under the circumstances.

8. LIBERTIES. Carrier shall be at liberty to call at any port/place to replenish fuel, oil, stores or other necessaries and/or make repairs. Carrier may deviate in attempt to save life or property, and with respect thereto may leave the cargoes in a position believed safe. Carrier may select any route, speed, transportation arrangement believed reasonable under the circumstances, including tandem barge towage if by water. In the event of accident, danger, damage, disaster or other event occurring after departure on any voyage or trip which, in the opinion of Carrier, prevents or may prevent the safe completion of such, Carrier may deviate, discharge, store and/or dispose of goods at Shipper's risk and expense.

9. IN-TRANSIT STORAGE. Upon Shipper’s instruction or with its consent, Carrier may store goods in-transit. Upon notice to and approval from Carrier (which shall not be unreasonably withheld), Shipper shall be given access to goods stored in-transit during normal business hours for the facility, provided that Shipper is accompanied by a representative of Carrier and an additional access charge may apply. All storage of the goods shall be deemed in-transit and subject to these terms and conditions unless agreed otherwise by Carrier in writing, including through Carrier's issuance of a warehouse receipt.

10. DELIVERY OF GOODS. Carrier shall deliver or arrange for delivery of the goods to Consignee at the location identified by Shipper and agreed by Carrier. Consignee shall be obligated to receive and take the goods as promptly as they can be discharged/unloaded from the conveyance, with such discharge/unloading to be at Shipper's risk and expense. Goods received and taken by Consignee, tendered to Consignee and refused or otherwise not received and taken, seized by government authority and/or under legal process, which cannot be delivered because of Shipper's act, fault or neglect, including inaccuracy/inadequacy of instructions or particulars, or which for any other reason beyond Carrier's control have not promptly been received and taken, shall nonetheless be deemed fully delivered to Consignee and Carrier's responsibility with respect to such goods and this agreement shall thereupon cease. Any actions taken by Carrier with respect to the goods thereafter shall be performed as Shipper's agent and at Shipper's risk and expense.

11. INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORTATION BY AIR. In the event of international transportation by air, the Montreal Convention may be applicable. In such an event, the transportation by air shall be subject to said Convention and Carrier's liability for loss/damage to the goods shall be limited in accordance with said Convention, which shall override anything herein to the extent of any conflict. Shipper should contact Carrier directly, and review its applicable schedule/tariff(s), available at WWW.LYNDEN.COM, for more information as to international transportation by air.

12. TRANSPORTATION BY WATER. In the event of transportation by water, domestic or international to/from the United States, the U.S. Carriage of Goods By Sea Act (COGSA) shall be incorporated herein and applicable at all times the goods are in Carrier's custody, care and/or control, including before loading to the vessel, through transportation, after discharge and until delivery. In addition, for transportation by water, Shipper hereby authorizes transportation on deck and/or by unmanned barge, and acknowledges that New Jason/General Average and Both to Blame clauses shall also be applicable and incorporated herein. Shipper should contact Carrier directly, and review its applicable schedule/tariff(s), available at WWW.LYNDEN.COM, for more information as to transportation by water.

13. LOSS/DAMAGE TO GOODS. Carrier's liability with respect to the goods, and/or Shipper, Consignee and/or any other person or entity claiming by, through or with respect to the goods, and whether for loss, damage, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or otherwise, shall be only as follows:

a. Exceptions. Carrier shall not be liable for any loss, damage, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or other result caused by: act of God; peril of land, sea or air; act of terrorism; act of public enemy; act of war; act of public or government authority or other with apparent authority; fire, unless caused by the actual fault or privity of Carrier; pandemic, epidemic and/or quarantine; act or omission of Shipper, its agent or representative; strike, lockout or other labor dispute; sabotage; riot or other civil commotion; wastage in bulk or weight or arising from the nature of the goods; inherent vice or latent defect of the goods; improper and/or insufficient packing, securing, packaging, marking or addressing; compliance with instructions from Shipper; goods loaded by Shipper into sealed containers or other packages, providing the seal or package remains unbroken and not physically damaged; errors in operation or navigation of a vehicle, vessel or other conveyance; or any other cause or event arising without the actual fault and privity of Carrier.

b. Consequential Damages. Carrier shall not be liable for any indirect, consequential or special damages of any type or nature whatsoever and howsoever arising, including without limitation any claim for loss of profits, loss of income, loss of business opportunity, business interruption, loss of use and/or loss of ability to use undamaged component or system parts, regardless of whether resulting from negligence, breach or otherwise, and/or whether such may have been foreseeable.

c. Limitation of Liability and Option to Declare Higher Value. Subject to section 11 (international transportation by air) and section 12 (transportation by water), above, as applicable, Carrier's liability with respect to the goods, and whether for loss, damage, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or otherwise, shall be the lesser of the actual cost to repair, replace and/or deliver the goods or the valuation applicable to Carrier identified directly below:

ALASKA MARINE LINES, INC. : $500 per package/cfu under COGSA

However, in some cases Alaska Marine Lines, Inc. has accepted certain extended liability for cargo loss or damage as outlined in its tariffs. Such tariff provisions shall supersede this Bill of Lading when in conflict, but only to the extent of such conflict..

ALASKA MARINE TRUCKING, LLC : $.50 (fifty cents) per pound.

ALASKA WEST EXPRESS, INC. : $.10 (ten cents) per pound.

LTI, INC. : $.10 (ten cents) per pound.

LYNDEN AIR CARGO, LLC : $.50 (fifty cents) per pound, but with a minimum of $50 per shipment.

LYNDEN AIR CARGO (PNG) LTD. : $.50 (fifty cents) per pound, but with a minimum of $50 per shipment.

LYNDEN LOGISTICS, INC.
(FKA LYNDEN INTERNATIONAL): $.50 (fifty cents) per pound, but with a minimum of $50 per shipment.

LYNDEN LOGISTICS SERVICES, INC. : $.10 (ten cents) per pound.

LYNDEN TRANSPORT, INC. : $20 (twenty dollars) per pound, up to a maximum of $200,000 per load.

All amounts above are in US dollars. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for goods originating in Canada and transported by motor Carrier, Carrier's liability shall be the lesser of the actual cost to repair, replace and/or deliver the goods or CAN $2.00 per pound, up to a maximum of US $200,000 per load. However, if Shipper has declared in writing to Carrier a valuation for the goods which is higher than the foregoing amount, and Carrier has agreed to carry the goods at the higher valuation so declared, then Carrier's liability shall be the lesser of the actual cost to repair, replace and/or deliver the goods or the higher valuation so declared and agreed, with Shipper to pay increased freight charges for any such declaration as set forth in Carrier's applicable rate tariff and/or other schedule of charges.

Carrier shall not be liable to Shipper or any other claiming by, through or with respect to the goods, whether for loss, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or otherwise, or in tort, contract or upon any other theory, other than as set forth herein, and Shipper agrees to indemnify and hold Carrier harmless (including legal fees and costs) from and against any other or further loss, damage, expense, liability, claim, fine, penalty and/or suit arising out of or in any fashion whatsoever relating to the goods or their transportation.

d. Delivery and Inspection. Delivery of the goods without written notification of damage on the bill of lading, way bill or delivery receipt shall be prima facie evidence that the goods have been delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier.

e. Claims. As a condition precedent to any recovery against Carrier:

  1. The goods must be carefully inspected by Shipper or Consignee immediately upon delivery, and any loss or damage which would then be evident must be noted in writing to Carrier on the bill of lading, waybill or delivery receipt, or the goods shall be conclusively presumed to have been delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier;

  2. In the event of any loss or damage not ascertainable at delivery, written notice must be given to Carrier within three (3) days of delivery for transportation by water, under COGSA, within seven (7) days of delivery for U.S. domestic air transportation, and otherwise within fifteen (15) days of delivery, after which time and with no written notice having been given it shall be conclusively presumed that the goods were delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier;

  3. In the event of goods delayed, lost or otherwise not timely delivered, Carrier must be given written notice within three (3) days of delivery for transportation by water, under COGSA, within seven (7) days of delivery for U.S. domestic air transportation, and otherwise within fifteen (15) days of delivery, or from the date upon which the goods should have been delivered, or the goods shall be conclusively presumed to have been delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier;

  4. Carrier shall have a reasonable opportunity to inspect the goods, including their packing and packaging, in the same condition as upon delivery and before any alteration or destruction thereof;

  5. Written claim for loss/damage, specifying the full particulars thereof and the amount(s) being claimed, must be filed with Carrier within ninety (90) days, for U.S. domestic air transportation, or otherwise within nine (9) months of delivery, from the date on which the goods should have been delivered, or the date on which Carrier disallowed the claim or pertinent part of the claim, whichever is later;

  6. Suit against Carrier must be filed within one (1) year for transportation by water, under COGSA, within one (1) year for U.S. domestic air transportation, or otherwise within two (2) years, from delivery, the date which the goods should have been delivered, or the date on which Carrier disallowed the claim or pertinent part of the claim, whichever is later; and

  7. There shall be no recovery against Carrier until freight and all charges due Carrier with respect to the goods and/or their transportation have been fully paid and received by Carrier.

14. SUBCONTRACTING. Carrier shall be entitled to subcontract on any terms and/or conditions the whole or any part of the transportation services, including without limitation to its affiliated entities, with all such subcontractors entitled to the same limitations upon, and exemptions and defenses to, liability granted to Carrier hereunder, at law or otherwise.

15. EXTENSION OF BENEFITS. All limitations upon, and exceptions and defenses to, liability granted to Carrier hereunder, or at law or otherwise shall be automatically extended to all parent, subsidiary and/or affiliated entities of Carrier (including its and their respective owners, directors, officers, employees and agents) and to all vessels, vehicles, aircraft, conveyances, carriers, contractors, subcontractors, stevedores, managers, agents and all other persons/entities and equipment utilized and/or providing any services whatsoever with respect to the goods or their transportation.

16. BILLS OF LADING, AIR WAYBILLS, RECEIPTS, ETC. Bills of lading, air waybills, receipts, etc. may be signed by the respective agents and representatives of the parties, including in counterparts and/or by electronic means; upon Shipper's consent, verbal or otherwise, Carrier may complete and/or sign for and on behalf of Shipper, as its authorized agent for such limited purposes.

17. INTEGRATION AND CONSTRUCTION. Upon tender of goods to Carrier, Shipper shall be deemed to have consented and agreed to these terms and conditions, which shall be applicable to all services provided by Carrier and supersede any bill of lading, air waybill, receipt or other document from any entity other than Carrier, including any such document from Shipper. These terms and conditions shall not be modified except through a writing signed by an authorized representative of Shipper and the executive officer of Carrier; no other agent, employee or representative of Carrier has authority to alter, modify or waive these terms and conditions. These terms and conditions, along with Carrier's applicable schedule(s) and tariff(s), available at WWW.LYNDEN.COM, incorporated herein by reference as applicable, constitute the entire agreement between the parties, and supersede all prior and contemporaneous agreements, regarding the goods or their transportation, written and oral. This agreement shall be construed neutrally, and as the mutual assent of both parties, rather than for or against a party. The headings used herein are for convenience of reference only.

18. LAW, DISPUTES AND IMMUNITY. The general maritime law and federal transportation laws of the United States shall govern this agreement to the extent applicable, and otherwise the laws of the State of Washington shall govern. Any dispute relating to this agreement, the goods or their transportation shall be resolved through litigation in the state or federal court in Seattle, Washington, with the parties consenting to its jurisdiction and the applicability and convenience of said venue, and with the substantially prevailing party to recover its reasonable legal fees and costs. If Shipper is a Native American Tribe or subsidiary, affiliated or related entity (“Tribe”), afforded protection by tribal sovereign immunity or treaty rights including but not limited to immunity from process, suit, liability, judgment or collection (including enforcement of judgments on tribal land by attachment), in engaging Carrier hereunder Shipper/Tribe has specifically agreed, including through its governing council or body, that Shipper/Tribe hereby provides a limited waiver of its sovereign immunity and tribal rights against process, suit, liability, judgment and collection with respect to this agreement, agrees to be bound in all respects by the terms and conditions hereof, consents to service of process by registered or certified mail and the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts identified above with respect to any dispute, and agrees that the laws identified above shall govern this agreement and any such dispute, to the exclusion of any tribal laws, and any state or federal laws specifically protective of Tribe.

Last updated: 12/08/21

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International Ocean Bill of Lading Terms and Conditions

1. DEFINITIONS.

a. "Carrier" refers to the Lynden entity engaged by Shipper to provide transportation services with respect to the goods. For a list and description of the various Lynden entities, please visit our website at: WWW.LYNDEN.COM.

b. "Consignee" refers to the entity identified by Shipper and agreed by Carrier as the entity to receive the goods.

c. "Goods" refers to those items of goods, cargoes, commodities and other personal property with respect to which Carrier has been requested to or does perform transportation services, including all items and materials associated with the goods, such as any boxes, crates, cradles, pallets, tanks, platforms, flatracks and/or containers.

d. "Entity" refers to all forms of business entities as well as to natural persons.

e. "Load" refers to all goods of Shipper in/on a single container, flatrack, platform, trailer, etc.

f. "Shipper" refers to the entity engaging Carrier with respect to the goods as well as the owner(s), consignor, consignee and all others who may have right of claim by, through or with respect to the goods.

g. "Shipment" refers to all goods identified on a singularly numbered bill of lading or air waybill, as applicable (but which bill of lading or air waybill may contain multiple parts).

h. "Package," for purposes of COGSA and as otherwise applicable herein, shall mean: i) the entire contents (including all individual packages, boxes and crates and all Goods contained in each such package, box or crate) of a shipping device in the case of goods transported by Carrier in or on a shipping device defined as including, but not limited to, containers, vans, trailers (of all kinds), tanks, platforms or flatracks; or ii) the entire content of a unitized lift in the case of goods bundled, strapped or otherwise secured together and forming a unit transported by Carrier and not otherwise loaded in or on a shipping device; or iii) any individual unit of cargo including machinery, equipment and other items transported as a single unit without further consolidation; or iv) in the case of bulk goods or goods not otherwise defined herein, the totality of goods identified on a singularly numbered bill of lading issued by Carrier. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that Carrier consolidates goods from different customers into/onto a shipping device or as a portion of a unitized lift, for Carrier's benefit and not at the direction of Shipper, the "package" definition in subsections (i) and (ii) above shall be modified such that content is defined as that portion of the content being transported for Shipper.

2. FREIGHT AND OTHER CHARGES.

a. Freight, Storage and Other Charges. Freight, storage and other charges of Carrier shall be as identified by Carrier in its applicable rate quotation, transportation agreement, bill of lading, air waybill and/or tariff, and invoicing, as applicable. Freight, storage and other charges based upon inaccurate or incomplete instructions or particulars may be recalculated by Carrier at any time without advance notice.

b. Other Charges and Expenses. Shipper shall be responsible for all charges and expenses relating to the goods and/or their transportation, including, without limitation, all dues, taxes, duties, fines and penalties, advances made by Carrier, additional costs and expenses incurred by virtue of Shipper's actions, omissions or failure to comply with its obligations hereunder, as well as those incurred as a result of unforeseen or extraordinary circumstances.

c. Payment. Freight, storage and other charges shall be deemed fully earned upon tender of the goods by Shipper for transportation and payable in advance and prior to delivery unless otherwise agreed in writing by Carrier. Amounts due Carrier shall be paid in U.S. dollars without deduction or offset. Interest on amounts due but not paid shall accrue at the rate of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month. Shipper, including all entities falling within the definition of that term above, shall be jointly and severally liable for payment of all amounts due Carrier.

d. Lien. Shipper must identify to Carrier in writing prior to shipment any goods which require specialized handling or are dangerous or hazardous, and Carrier must specifically agree in writing to transport the same. In such an event, Shipper shall provide complete and accurate handling instructions and information, including relevant safety procedures, and shall be responsible for the completion of all documentation required and otherwise for compliance with applicable regulations and laws relating to the goods and/or their transportation. Should, in Carrier's opinion, any goods create a risk of harm to persons or property and/or make the transportation impractical, Carrier may discharge, store and/or dispose of any or all such goods at Shipper's sole risk and expense.

3. INFORMATION FROM SHIPPER. Shipper warrants the accuracy and completeness of all information, instructions and particulars relating to the goods, including their nature, description, special characteristics, marks, number, weight, volume and quantity, etc., upon all of which Carrier shall rely. Shipper shall reimburse Carrier for any loss or expense (including additional charges) resulting from any such inaccurate or incomplete information, instructions or particulars.

4. HAZARDOUS GOODS. Shipper must identify to Carrier in writing prior to shipment any goods which require specialized handling or are dangerous or hazardous, and Carrier must specifically agree in writing to transport the same. In such an event, Shipper shall provide complete and accurate handling instructions, including relevant safety procedures, and shall be solely responsible for the completion of all documentation required and otherwise for compliance with applicable regulations and laws relating to the goods and/or the transportation thereof. Should, in Carrier's opinion, any goods create a risk of harm to persons or property and/or make the transportation thereof impractical, Carrier may discharge, store and/or dispose of any or all of such goods at Shipper's sole risk and expense.

5. REFRIGERATED, PERISHABLE AND VALUABLE GOODS. Shipper must identify to Carrier in writing prior to shipment any perishable, temperature controlled, keep from freezing, chilled or frozen goods, and Carrier must specifically agree to transport the same. In such an event, Shipper shall identify in writing to Carrier the nature of the goods and the specialty conditions, temperature, humidity, etc. under which they are to be transported and shall also be responsible for tendering the goods to Carrier with a uniform core temperature below that at which the goods are to be transported. Carrier shall not be responsible for freezing down or reducing the core temperature of goods but, rather, only for maintaining an ambient temperature in the relevant conveyance such that the core temperature of such goods remains within ten (10) degrees Fahrenheit of the temperature at which such goods were tendered to Carrier. Carrier shall not be responsible for stains, discolorations, holes, chafing, breakage or splitting of lumber, timber, plywood, wood products, etc., whether or not protected and/or covered. Shipper shall not tender for transportation any art objects, bank bills, coins, currency, drafts, notes, valuable papers, precious metals, precious stones, antiques or any other rare, old, precious or semi-precious articles of extraordinary value. Shipper shall not tender for transportation any live animals without prior notice and Carrier's express consent.

6. TENDER OF GOODS. Shipper shall be responsible for tendering the goods to Carrier at the time and place identified, with all such goods to be in good order, count and condition, and packaged, protected, packed, stowed and/or shored sufficiently to withstand the rigors of storage and transportation, including without limitation transportation by uncovered barge and exposure to weather, moisture, humidity, heat, rolling, pitching and similar barge movements, if applicable.

7. ROUTES, METHODS, ETC. Carrier shall perform with due diligence but does not warrant or guarantee any particular speeds or departure/arrival dates/times. Carrier shall have liberty with respect to the selection of conveyances, routes, procedures, modes and methods of transportation. Carrier shall not be responsible for any delay, inability to perform or failure to perform caused by events beyond its direct and reasonable ability to control, including without limitation, ice or other conditions preventing or delaying a vessel in reaching a loading or discharge berth, the loading or unloading of cargo, or the departure of a vessel. In the event of such a hindrance or delay, Carrier shall, if feasible, notify Shipper and request alternate instructions, or if insufficient time exists or instructions are not provided Carrier may, at Shipper's risk and expense, deviate, discharge, store and/or dispose of the goods as it deems reasonable under the circumstances.

8. LIBERTIES. Carrier shall be at liberty to call at any port/place to replenish fuel, oil, stores or other necessaries and/or make repairs. Carrier may deviate in attempt to save life or property, and with respect thereto may leave the cargoes in a position believed safe. Carrier may select any route, speed, transportation arrangement believed reasonable under the circumstances, including tandem barge towage if by water. In the event of accident, danger, damage, disaster or other event occurring after departure on any voyage or trip which, in the opinion of Carrier, prevents or may prevent the safe completion of such, Carrier may deviate, discharge, store and/or dispose of goods at Shipper's risk and expense.

9. IN-TRANSIT STORAGE. Upon Shipper’s instruction or with its consent, Carrier may store goods in-transit. Upon notice to and approval from Carrier (which shall not be unreasonably withheld), Shipper shall be given access to goods stored in-transit during normal business hours for the facility, provided that Shipper is accompanied by a representative of Carrier and an additional access charge may apply. All storage of the goods shall be deemed in-transit and subject to these terms and conditions unless agreed otherwise by Carrier in writing, including through Carrier's issuance of a warehouse receipt.

10. DELIVERY OF GOODS. Carrier shall deliver or arrange for delivery of the goods to Consignee at the location identified by Shipper and agreed by Carrier. Consignee shall be obligated to receive and take the goods as promptly as they can be discharged/unloaded from the conveyance, with such discharge/unloading to be at Shipper's risk and expense. Goods received and taken by Consignee, tendered to Consignee and refused or otherwise not received and taken, seized by government authority and/or under legal process, which cannot be delivered because of Shipper's act, fault or neglect, including inaccuracy/inadequacy of instructions or particulars, or which for any other reason beyond Carrier's control have not promptly been received and taken, shall nonetheless be deemed fully delivered to Consignee and Carrier's responsibility with respect to such goods and this agreement shall thereupon cease. Any actions taken by Carrier with respect to the goods thereafter shall be performed as Shipper's agent and at Shipper's risk and expense.

11. INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORTATION BY AIR. In the event of international transportation by air, the Montreal Convention may be applicable. In such an event, the transportation by air shall be subject to said Convention and Carrier's liability for loss/damage to the goods shall be limited in accordance with said Convention, which shall override anything herein to the extent of any conflict. Shipper should contact Carrier directly, and review its applicable schedule/tariff(s), available at WWW.LYNDEN.COM, for more information as to international transportation by air.

12. TRANSPORTATION BY WATER. In the event of transportation by water, domestic or international to/from the United States, the U.S. Carriage of Goods By Sea Act (COGSA) shall be incorporated herein and applicable at all times the goods are in Carrier's custody, care and/or control, including before loading to the vessel, through transportation, after discharge and until delivery. In addition, for transportation by water, Shipper hereby authorizes transportation on deck and/or by unmanned barge, and acknowledges that New Jason/General Average and Both to Blame clauses shall also be applicable and incorporated herein. Shipper should contact Carrier directly, and review its applicable schedule/tariff(s), available at WWW.LYNDEN.COM, for more information as to transportation by water.

13. LOSS/DAMAGE TO GOODS. Carrier's liability with respect to the goods, and/or Shipper, Consignee and/or any other person or entity claiming by, through or with respect to the goods, and whether for loss, damage, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or otherwise, shall be only as follows:

a. Exceptions. Carrier shall not be liable for any loss, damage, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or other result caused by: act of God; peril of land, sea or air; act of terrorism; act of public enemy; act of war; act of public or government authority or other with apparent authority; fire, unless caused by the actual fault or privity of Carrier; pandemic, epidemic and/or quarantine; act or omission of Shipper, its agent or representative; strike, lockout or other labor dispute; sabotage; riot or other civil commotion; wastage in bulk or weight or arising from the nature of the goods; inherent vice or latent defect of the goods; improper and/or insufficient packing, securing, packaging, marking or addressing; compliance with instructions from Shipper; goods loaded by Shipper into sealed containers or other packages, providing the seal or package remains unbroken and not physically damaged; errors in operation or navigation of a vehicle, vessel or other conveyance; or any other cause or event arising without the actual fault and privity of Carrier.

b. Consequential Damages. Carrier shall not be liable for any indirect, consequential or special damages of any type or nature whatsoever and howsoever arising, including without limitation any claim for loss of profits, loss of income, loss of business opportunity, business interruption, loss of use and/or loss of ability to use undamaged component or system parts, regardless of whether resulting from negligence, breach or otherwise, and/or whether such may have been foreseeable.

c. Limitation of Liability and Option to Declare Higher Value. Subject to section 11 (international transportation by air) and section 12 (transportation by water), above, as applicable, Carrier's liability with respect to the goods, and whether for loss, damage, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or otherwise, shall be the lesser of the actual cost to repair, replace and/or deliver the goods or the valuation applicable to Carrier identified directly below:

ALASKA MARINE LINES, INC. : $500 per package/cfu under COGSA

However, in some cases Alaska Marine Lines, Inc. has accepted certain extended liability for cargo loss or damage as outlined in its tariffs. Such tariff provisions shall supersede this Bill of Lading when in conflict, but only to the extent of such conflict..

ALASKA MARINE TRUCKING, LLC : $.50 (fifty cents) per pound.

ALASKA WEST EXPRESS, INC. : $.10 (ten cents) per pound.

LTI, INC. : $.10 (ten cents) per pound.

LYNDEN AIR CARGO, LLC : $.50 (fifty cents) per pound, but with a minimum of $50 per shipment.

LYNDEN AIR CARGO (PNG) LTD. : $.50 (fifty cents) per pound, but with a minimum of $50 per shipment.

LYNDEN LOGISTICS, INC.
(FKA LYNDEN INTERNATIONAL): $.50 (fifty cents) per pound, but with a minimum of $50 per shipment.

LYNDEN LOGISTICS SERVICES, INC. : $.10 (ten cents) per pound.

LYNDEN TRANSPORT, INC. : $20 (twenty dollars) per pound, up to a maximum of $200,000 per load.

All amounts above are in US dollars. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for goods originating in Canada and transported by motor Carrier, Carrier's liability shall be the lesser of the actual cost to repair, replace and/or deliver the goods or CAN $2.00 per pound, up to a maximum of US $200,000 per load. However, if Shipper has declared in writing to Carrier a valuation for the goods which is higher than the foregoing amount, and Carrier has agreed to carry the goods at the higher valuation so declared, then Carrier's liability shall be the lesser of the actual cost to repair, replace and/or deliver the goods or the higher valuation so declared and agreed, with Shipper to pay increased freight charges for any such declaration as set forth in Carrier's applicable rate tariff and/or other schedule of charges.

Carrier shall not be liable to Shipper or any other claiming by, through or with respect to the goods, whether for loss, delay, shortage, misdelivery, failure to deliver or otherwise, or in tort, contract or upon any other theory, other than as set forth herein, and Shipper agrees to indemnify and hold Carrier harmless (including legal fees and costs) from and against any other or further loss, damage, expense, liability, claim, fine, penalty and/or suit arising out of or in any fashion whatsoever relating to the goods or their transportation.

d. Delivery and Inspection. Delivery of the goods without written notification of damage on the bill of lading, way bill or delivery receipt shall be prima facie evidence that the goods have been delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier.

e. Claims. As a condition precedent to any recovery against Carrier:

  1. The goods must be carefully inspected by Shipper or Consignee immediately upon delivery, and any loss or damage which would then be evident must be noted in writing to Carrier on the bill of lading, waybill or delivery receipt, or the goods shall be conclusively presumed to have been delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier;

  2. In the event of any loss or damage not ascertainable at delivery, written notice must be given to Carrier within three (3) days of delivery for transportation by water, under COGSA, within seven (7) days of delivery for U.S. domestic air transportation, and otherwise within fifteen (15) days of delivery, after which time and with no written notice having been given it shall be conclusively presumed that the goods were delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier;

  3. In the event of goods delayed, lost or otherwise not timely delivered, Carrier must be given written notice within three (3) days of delivery for transportation by water, under COGSA, within seven (7) days of delivery for U.S. domestic air transportation, and otherwise within fifteen (15) days of delivery, or from the date upon which the goods should have been delivered, or the goods shall be conclusively presumed to have been delivered in the same good order, count and condition as when initially received by Carrier;

  4. Carrier shall have a reasonable opportunity to inspect the goods, including their packing and packaging, in the same condition as upon delivery and before any alteration or destruction thereof;

  5. Written claim for loss/damage, specifying the full particulars thereof and the amount(s) being claimed, must be filed with Carrier within ninety (90) days, for U.S. domestic air transportation, or otherwise within nine (9) months of delivery, from the date on which the goods should have been delivered, or the date on which Carrier disallowed the claim or pertinent part of the claim, whichever is later;

  6. Suit against Carrier must be filed within one (1) year for transportation by water, under COGSA, within one (1) year for U.S. domestic air transportation, or otherwise within two (2) years, from delivery, the date which the goods should have been delivered, or the date on which Carrier disallowed the claim or pertinent part of the claim, whichever is later; and

  7. There shall be no recovery against Carrier until freight and all charges due Carrier with respect to the goods and/or their transportation have been fully paid and received by Carrier.

14. SUBCONTRACTING. Carrier shall be entitled to subcontract on any terms and/or conditions the whole or any part of the transportation services, including without limitation to its affiliated entities, with all such subcontractors entitled to the same limitations upon, and exemptions and defenses to, liability granted to Carrier hereunder, at law or otherwise.

15. EXTENSION OF BENEFITS. All limitations upon, and exceptions and defenses to, liability granted to Carrier hereunder, or at law or otherwise shall be automatically extended to all parent, subsidiary and/or affiliated entities of Carrier (including its and their respective owners, directors, officers, employees and agents) and to all vessels, vehicles, aircraft, conveyances, carriers, contractors, subcontractors, stevedores, managers, agents and all other persons/entities and equipment utilized and/or providing any services whatsoever with respect to the goods or their transportation.

16. BILLS OF LADING, AIR WAYBILLS, RECEIPTS, ETC. Bills of lading, air waybills, receipts, etc. may be signed by the respective agents and representatives of the parties, including in counterparts and/or by electronic means; upon Shipper's consent, verbal or otherwise, Carrier may complete and/or sign for and on behalf of Shipper, as its authorized agent for such limited purposes.

17. INTEGRATION AND CONSTRUCTION. Upon tender of goods to Carrier, Shipper shall be deemed to have consented and agreed to these terms and conditions, which shall be applicable to all services provided by Carrier and supersede any bill of lading, air waybill, receipt or other document from any entity other than Carrier, including any such document from Shipper. These terms and conditions shall not be modified except through a writing signed by an authorized representative of Shipper and the executive officer of Carrier; no other agent, employee or representative of Carrier has authority to alter, modify or waive these terms and conditions. These terms and conditions, along with Carrier's applicable schedule(s) and tariff(s), available at WWW.LYNDEN.COM, incorporated herein by reference as applicable, constitute the entire agreement between the parties, and supersede all prior and contemporaneous agreements, regarding the goods or their transportation, written and oral. This agreement shall be construed neutrally, and as the mutual assent of both parties, rather than for or against a party. The headings used herein are for convenience of reference only.

18. LAW, DISPUTES AND IMMUNITY. The general maritime law and federal transportation laws of the United States shall govern this agreement to the extent applicable, and otherwise the laws of the State of Washington shall govern. Any dispute relating to this agreement, the goods or their transportation shall be resolved through litigation in the state or federal court in Seattle, Washington, with the parties consenting to its jurisdiction and the applicability and convenience of said venue, and with the substantially prevailing party to recover its reasonable legal fees and costs. If Shipper is a Native American Tribe or subsidiary, affiliated or related entity (“Tribe”), afforded protection by tribal sovereign immunity or treaty rights including but not limited to immunity from process, suit, liability, judgment or collection (including enforcement of judgments on tribal land by attachment), in engaging Carrier hereunder Shipper/Tribe has specifically agreed, including through its governing council or body, that Shipper/Tribe hereby provides a limited waiver of its sovereign immunity and tribal rights against process, suit, liability, judgment and collection with respect to this agreement, agrees to be bound in all respects by the terms and conditions hereof, consents to service of process by registered or certified mail and the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts identified above with respect to any dispute, and agrees that the laws identified above shall govern this agreement and any such dispute, to the exclusion of any tribal laws, and any state or federal laws specifically protective of Tribe.

Last updated: 12/08/21

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International Air Bill Terms and Conditions

NOTICE CONCERNING CARRIERS’ LIMITATION OF LIABILITY:
If the carriage involves an ultimate destination or stop in a country other than the country of departure, the Warsaw Convention or Montreal Convention may be applicable and in most cases limit the liability of the Carrier in respect of loss of, damage or delay to cargo. Depending on the applicable regime, and unless a higher value is declared, liability of the Carrier may be limited to 17 Special Drawing Rights per kilogram or 250 French gold francs per kilogram, converted into national currency under applicable law. Carrier will treat 250 French gold francs to be the conversion equivalent of 17 Special Drawing Rights unless a greater amount is specified in the Carrier's conditions of carriage.

CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT
1. In this contract and the Notices appearing hereon:
CARRIER includes the air carrier issuing this air waybill and all carriers that carry or undertake to carry the cargo or perform any other services related to such carriage.
SPECIAL DRAWING RIGHT (SDR) is a Special Drawing Right as defined by the International Monetary Fund.
WARSAW CONVENTION means whichever of the following instruments is applicable to the contract of carriage: the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air, signed at Warsaw, 12 October 1929; that Convention as amended at The Hague on 28 September 1955; that Convention as amended at The Hague 1955 and by Montreal Protocol No. 1, 2, or 4 (1975) as the case may be.
MONTREAL CONVENTION means the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air, done at Montreal on 28 May 1999.

2/2.1 Carriage is subject to the rules relating to liability established by the Warsaw Convention or the Montreal Convention unless such carriage is not “international carriage” as defined by the applicable Conventions.

2.2 To the extent not in conflict with the foregoing, carriage and other related services performed by each Carrier are subject to:

2.2.1 applicable laws and government regulations;

2.2.2 provisions contained in the air waybill, Carrier’s conditions of carriage and related rules, regulations, and timetables (but not the times of departure and arrival stated therein) and applicable tariffs of such Carrier, which are made part hereof, and which may be inspected at any airports or other cargo sales offices from which it operates regular services. When carriage is to/from the USA, the shipper and the consignee are entitled, upon request, to receive a free copy of the Carrier’s conditions of carriage. The Carrier’s conditions of carriage include, but are not limited to:

2.2.2.1 limits on the Carrier’s liability for loss, damage or delay of goods, including fragile or perishable goods;

2.2.2.2 claims restrictions, including time periods within which shippers or consignees must file a claim or bring an action against the Carrier for its acts or omissions, or those of its agents;

2.2.2.3 rights, if any, of the Carrier to change the terms of the contract;

2.2.2.4 rules about Carrier’s right to refuse to carry;

2.2.2.5 rights of the Carrier and limitations concerning delay or failure to perform service, including schedule changes, substitution of alternate Carrier or aircraft and rerouting.

3. The agreed stopping places (which may be altered by Carrier in case of necessity) are those places, except the place of departure and place of destination, set forth on the face hereof or shown in Carrier’s timetables as scheduled stopping places for the route. Carriage to be performed hereunder by several successive Carriers is regarded as a single operation.

4. For carriage to which neither the Warsaw Convention nor the Montreal Convention applies, Carrier’s liability limitation shall not be less than the per kilogram monetary limit set out in Carrier’s tariffs or general conditions of carriage for cargo lost, damaged or delayed, provided that any such limitation of liability in an amount less than 17 SDR per kilogram will not apply for carriage to or from the United States.

5./5.1 Except when the Carrier has extended credit to the consignee without the written consent of the shipper, the shipper guarantees payment of all charges for the carriage due in accordance with Carrier's tariff, conditions of carriage and related regulations, applicable laws (including national laws implementing the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention), government regulations, orders and requirements.

5.2 When no part of the consignment is delivered, a claim with respect to such consignment will be considered even though transportation charges thereon are unpaid.

6./6.1 For cargo accepted for carriage, the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention permit shipper to increase the limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental charge if required.

6.2 In carriage to which neither the Warsaw Convention nor the Montreal Convention applies Carrier shall, in accordance with the procedures set forth in its general conditions of carriage and applicable tariffs, permit shipper to increase the limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental charge if so required.

7./7.1 In cases of loss of, damage or delay to part of the cargo, the weight to be taken into account in determining Carrier’s limit of liability shall be only the weight of the package or packages concerned.

7.2 Notwithstanding any other provisions, for “foreign air transportation” as defined by the U.S. Transportation Code:

7.2.1 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a shipment, the weight used in determining Carrier’s limit of liability shall be the weight which is used to determine the charge for carriage of such shipment; and

7.2.2 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a part of a shipment, the shipment weight in 7.2.1 shall be prorated to the packages covered by the same air waybill whose value is affected by the loss, damage or delay. The weight applicable in the case of loss or damage to one or more articles in a package shall be the weight of the entire package.

8. Any exclusion or limitation of liability applicable to Carrier shall apply to Carrier’s agents, employees, and representatives and to any person whose aircraft or equipment is used by Carrier for carriage and such person’s agents, employees and representatives.

9. Carrier undertakes to complete the carriage with reasonable dispatch. Where permitted by applicable laws, tariffs and government regulations, Carrier may use alternative carriers, aircraft or modes of transport without notice but with due regard to the interests of the shipper. Carrier is authorized by the shipper to select the routing and all intermediate stopping places that it deems appropriate or to change or deviate from the routing shown on the face hereof.

10. Receipt by the person entitled to delivery of the cargo without complaint shall be prima facie evidence that the cargo has been delivered in good condition and in accordance with the contract of carriage.

10.1 In the case of loss of, damage or delay to cargo a written complaint must be made to Carrier by the person entitled to delivery. Such complaint must be made:

10.1.1 in the case of damage to the cargo, immediately after discovery of the damage and at the latest within 14 days from the date of receipt of the cargo;

10.1.2 in the case of delay, within 21 days from the date on which the cargo was placed at the disposal of the person entitled to delivery.

10.1.3 in the case of non-delivery of the cargo, within 120 days from the date of issue of the air waybill, or if an air waybill has not been issued, within 120 days from the date of receipt of the cargo for transportation by the Carrier.

10.2 Such complaint may be made to the Carrier whose air waybill was used, or to the first Carrier or to the last Carrier or to the Carrier, which performed the carriage during which the loss, damage or delay took place.

10.3 Unless a written complaint is made within the time limits specified in 10.1 no action may be brought against Carrier.

10.4 Any rights to damages against Carrier shall be extinguished unless an action is brought within two years from the date of arrival at the destination, or from the date on which the aircraft ought to have arrived, or from the date on which the carriage stopped.

11. Shipper shall comply with all applicable laws and government regulations of any country to or from which the cargo may be carried, including those relating to the packing, carriage or delivery of the cargo, and shall furnish such information and attach such documents to the air waybill as may be necessary to comply with such laws and regulations. Carrier is not liable to shipper and shipper shall indemnify Carrier for loss or expense due to shipper’s failure to comply with this provision.

12. No agent, employee or representative of Carrier has authority to alter, modify or waive any provisions of this contract.

Last updated: 3/5/08

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